The archbishopric had traditionally been held by the Wittelsbachs of Bavaria, but the Bavarian claimant to replace Maximilian Henry, Prince Joseph Clemens of Bavaria, was at that time not more than 17 years old and not even ordained. Held the office of. Louis foresaw an underaged heir and sought to restrict the power of his nephew Philip II, Duke of Orléans, who, as his closest surviving legitimate relative in France, would likely become regent to the prospective Louis XV. C'est Louis XIV qui prononce, malade, cette phrase à l'intention de Philippe d'Orléans, son neveu, le futur Régent. People in France were complaining about the expansion of royal authority, the high rate of taxation, and the reduction of the authority of the Parlement de Paris and other regional representative entities. I request and order you to seal no orders except by my command . In addition, most of the princes refused to deal with Mazarin, who went into exile for a number of years. Several reasons have been suggested for the creation of the extravagant and stately palace, as well as the relocation of the monarchy's seat. Livre comme neuf. Although an attempt to restore James II failed at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690, France accumulated a string of victories from Flanders in the north, Germany in the east, and Italy and Spain in the south, to the high seas and the colonies. New Book. Il ne lui reste plus que quelques jours à vivre. It is notable as the first decoration that could be granted to non-nobles and is roughly the forerunner of the Légion d'honneur, with which it shares the red ribbon (though the Légion d'honneur is awarded to military personnel and civilians alike). PRINT ON DEMAND Book; New; Publication Year 2017; Fast Shipping from the UK. Louis instituted reforms in military administration through Michel le Tellier and the latter's son François-Michel le Tellier, Marquis de Louvois. Fouquet was charged with embezzlement. | Fresh (50) (Lyon, Frankreich), Beschreibung: Quantin, 1880, 156 p., demi-percaline, un frontispice, introduction par E. Drumont, exemplaire numéroté 466/550, des frottements d'usage sur la reliure, intérieur propre. BiblioLife, 2008. It is one of the oldest in Europe. He judged that royal authority thrived more surely by filling high executive and administrative positions with these men because they could be more easily dismissed than nobles of ancient lineage, with entrenched influence. Established seller since 2000. He had many ailments: for example, symptoms of diabetes, as confirmed in reports of suppurating periostitis in 1678, dental abscesses in 1696, along with recurring boils, fainting spells, gout, dizziness, hot flushes, and headaches. Etat proche du NEUF.  His body was laid to rest in Saint-Denis Basilica outside Paris. Anthoine, Edouard Adolphe Drumont, Jacques, Beschreibung: BiblioLife, 2008. But he could promise that Philip V would accept these terms, so the Allies demanded that Louis single-handedly attack his grandson to force these terms on him. 4. Warfare defined Louis's foreign policy and his personality shaped his approach. Weitere Informationen zu diesem Verkäufer You [he was talking to the secretaries and ministers of state] will assist me with your counsels when I ask for them. All of Louis' tears and his supplications to his mother did not make her change her mind; the Spanish marriage would be very important both for its role in ending the war between France and Spain, and because many of the claims and objectives of Louis' foreign policy for the next 50 years would be based upon this marriage.  Then, in 1688, Maximilian Henry of Bavaria, Archbishop of Cologne, an ally of France, died. Before this happened, Louis expected William's expedition to England to absorb his energies and those of his allies, so he dispatched troops to the Rhineland after the expiry of his ultimatum to the German princes requiring confirmation of the Truce of Ratisbon and acceptance of his demands about the succession crises. |, August 22, 2018 (PARIS, Frankreich), Beschreibung: GALLIMARD, 2008. Delivered from our UK warehouse in 4 to 14 business days.  Louis used court ritual and the arts to validate and augment his control over France. But attachments formed later by shared qualities of the spirit are far more difficult to break than those formed merely by blood. The end result was a strong purgative, the bitterness and metallic flavour of which caused violent vomiting. Just as the first Fronde (the Fronde parlementaire of 1648–1649) ended, a second one (the Fronde des princes of 1650–1653) began.  "In one sense, Louis' childhood came to an end with the outbreak of the Fronde. No. In peacetime he concentrated on preparing for the next war. 287x247x29mm 2048g. Although Fouquet's financial indiscretions were not very different from Mazarin's before him or Colbert's after him, his ambition was worrying to Louis. The strategy failed, as Namur fell three weeks later, but harmed Louis XIV's reputation: a century later, Napoleon deemed the bombardment "as barbarous as it was useless. However, French armies held significant advantages over their opponents; an undivided command, talented generals like Turenne, Condé and Luxembourg and vastly superior logistics. During his childhood, he was taken care of by the governesses Françoise de Lansac and Marie-Catherine de Senecey.  Louis also received a Chinese Jesuit, Michael Shen Fu-Tsung, at Versailles in 1684. The Death of Louis XIV will frustrate viewers out of sync with its deliberate pace, but those with the patience to settle in may be rewarded with a thoughtful, finely detailed drama. Ces obsèques marquèrent l'aboutissement, en même temps que le profond renouvellement, d'un cérémonial séculaire qui allait devenir l'une des plus éclatantes manifestations de la civilisation de cour. Zustand: D'occasion - Comme neuf. Bestandsnummer des Verkäufers zk2755404698. Zustand: New. Anne interfered much more in internal policy than foreign affairs; she was a very proud queen who insisted on the divine rights of the King of France. There is no better illustration of this than in Hyacinthe Rigaud's frequently-reproduced Portrait of Louis XIV of 1701, in which a 63-year-old Louis appears to stand on a set of unnaturally young legs. In 1648, Anne and Mazarin successfully negotiated the Peace of Westphalia, which ended the Thirty Years' War. Nevertheless, excellent results were achieved: the deficit of 1661 turned into a surplus in 1666. Even before war was officially declared, hostilities began with Imperial aggression in Italy. Ammareal gives back up to 15% of this book's net price to charity organizations. Louis was at the height of his power, but at the cost of uniting his opponents; this increased as he continued his expansion. 27. Louis also renovated and improved the Louvre and other royal residences. Several reasons have been suggested for the creation of the extravagant and stately palace, as well as the relocation of the monarchy's seat. He taught his diplomats that their job was to create tactical and strategic advantages for the French military.  This included banning opera and comedy performances during Lent. ISBN 10: 1021013374ISBN 13: 9781021013378, Beschreibung: TALLANDIER, 2015. Louis, however, struck more than 300 to celebrate the story of the king in bronze, that were enshrined in thousands of households throughout France. He could agree to a partition of the Spanish possessions and avoid a general war, or accept Charles II's will and alienate much of Europe.  Indeed, in the event of war, it might be preferable to be already in control of the disputed lands. It is notable as the first decoration that could be granted to non-nobles and is roughly the forerunner of the Légion d'honneur, with which it shares the red ribbon (though the Légion d'honneur is awarded to military personnel and civilians alike). The duo allowed the Palatinate and Austria to occupy Bavaria after their victory at the Battle of Blenheim. In 1681, Louis dramatically increased his persecution of Protestants. The Death of Louis XIV subtitles. In 1910, the American historical novelist, Louis is a major character in the 1959 historical novel, A character based on Louis plays an important role in, The 15-year-old Louis XIV, as played by the Irish actor, Louis XIV, King of France and Navarre, 1638–1715, Gabrielle Angelique, Duchess of La Valette and Epernon, This page was last edited on 15 November 2020, at 17:36.  He confirmed that Philip V retained his French rights despite his new Spanish position. Anne interfered much more in internal policy than foreign affairs; she was a very proud queen who insisted on the divine rights of the King of France. The principle of cuius regio, eius religio generally had also meant that subjects who refused to convert could emigrate, but Louis banned emigration and effectively insisted that all Protestants must be converted. This portrayal of the monarch was to be found in numerous media of artistic expression, such as painting, sculpture, theatre, dance, music, and the almanacs that diffused royal propaganda to the population at large. . (Southport, Vereinigtes Königreich), Beschreibung: BiblioLife.  Orléans, however, had Louis' will annulled by the Parlement of Paris after his death and made himself sole regent. . Lorraine, which had been occupied by the French since 1670, was returned to its rightful Duke Leopold, albeit with a right of way to the French military. However, Louis altered the sentence to life-imprisonment and abolished Fouquet's post. In 1667, the net receipts had risen to 20 million pounds sterling, while expenditure had fallen to 11 million, leaving a surplus of 9 million pounds. The War of the League of Augsburg, which lasted from 1688 to 1697, initiated a period of decline in Louis's political and diplomatic fortunes. This item is printed on demand. During Louis's reign, France fought three major wars: the Franco-Dutch War, the War of the League of Augsburg, and the War of the Spanish Succession. The war began with French successes, but the talents of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, and Eugene of Savoy checked these victories and broke the myth of French invincibility. With the exception of the current Royal Chapel (built near the end of his reign), the palace achieved much of its current appearance after the third building campaign, which was followed by an official move of the royal court to Versailles on 6 May 1682. 19. To the aristocracy, this rebellion represented a protest against and a reversal of their political demotion from vassals to courtiers. Other scholars counter that there was little reason to reform institutions that largely worked well under Louis. Des funérailles royales françaises, on ne retient généralement que les proclamations du héraut d'armes lors de la mise au tombeau de la dépouille : Le roi est mort. On his deathbed in 1700, Charles II unexpectedly changed his will. Louis played an Egyptian in Le Mariage forcé in 1664, a Moorish gentleman in Le Sicilien in 1667, and both Neptune and Apollo in Les Amants magnifiques in 1670. The principle of cuius regio, eius religio generally had also meant that subjects who refused to convert could emigrate, but Louis banned emigration and effectively insisted that all Protestants must be converted.  Louis used court ritual and the arts to validate and augment his control over France. Delivered from our UK warehouse in 4 to 14 business days. PAP. 277 P 24,5x15,7 cm 490 g. Paris, Firmin Didot, 1858, 1858.  This discrimination did not encounter much Protestant resistance, and a steady conversion of Protestants occurred, especially among the noble elites. Shipped from UK. Louis instituted reforms in military administration through Michel le Tellier and the latter's son François-Michel le Tellier, Marquis de Louvois.  Emperor Leopold I's persistent refusal to convert the Truce of Ratisbon into a permanent treaty fed Louis's fears that the Emperor would turn on France and attack the Reunions after settling his affairs in the Balkans. - Nombre de page(s) : 632 - Poids : 320g - Langue : fre - Genre : Textes et commentaires Petits classiques FOLIO CLASSIQUE. To remind the people of these triumphs, Louis erected permanent triumphal arches in Paris and the provinces for the first time since the decline of the Roman Empire. Zustand: D'occasion - Comme neuf. The memoirist Saint-Simon speculated that Louis viewed Versailles as an isolated power center where treasonous cabals could be more readily discovered and foiled. They were among the most significant means to spread royal propaganda prior to the construction of the Hall of Mirrors at Versailles. Legitimised on 20 December 1673. Later, the Battle of Ramillies delivered the Low Countries to the Allies, and the Battle of Turin forced Louis to evacuate Italy, leaving it open to Allied forces. The members refused to comply and ordered all of the king's earlier financial edicts burned. Bestandsnummer des Verkäufers R240134509. By keeping him in his post, Anne was giving a sign that the interests of France and her son Louis were the guiding spirit of all her political and legal actions. Softcover. Zustand: Neuf. On 5 April 1693, Louis also founded the Royal and Military Order of Saint Louis (French: Ordre Royal et Militaire de Saint-Louis), a military order of chivalry. However, the Spanish were rapidly defeated because the Emperor (distracted by the Great Turkish War) abandoned them, and the Dutch only supported them minimally. Britain kept Gibraltar and Menorca. Albert Serra imagines the event as though it were a slowly deflating balloon in a burnished Baroque painting, agonizing on all levels but also extraordinarily textured. In contrast, no renunciations tainted the claims of the Emperor Leopold I's son Charles, Archduke of Austria, who was a grandson of Philip III's youngest daughter Maria Anna.
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